Finding Solutions Versus Issuing Consequences
by Kathy Slattengren, M. Ed., Priceless Parenting (more parenting articles are available)
When your kids misbehave, how do you usually feel? Most parents report feeling angry, frustrated or embarrassed. When you're feeling like that it's easy to think of consequences that will make your children pay for their poor behavior. They won't dare do that again!
When you use punishment in response to your children's misbehavior, they usually learn to avoid getting caught in the future. However, they aren't necessarily learning how to develop self-discipline and make better choices. By focusing on solutions instead of punishment, you increase the chances that it doesn't happen again - even if you're not around. Watching a Fight Instead of Walking Away
Recently on the way home from a Seattle middle school, two boys got into a fight near the school bus stop. There was some pushing and shoving involved and other kids were standing around watching. During this skirmish, one boy took a video of it on his phone. When he got home, he posted the video on YouTube.
After seeing the video, the school officials decided to punish all the kids in the video - those watching and those fighting - with a one day suspension. The school policy is that kids should walk away when a fight breaks out so that they don't add support to what is going on. The kids have been taught this during school assemblies.
This situation is rich with learning opportunities. The kids could have stayed after school for a practice session where they role played these types of situations and practiced what they should do. They also could have engaged in a serious dialog about what is and is not appropriate to be posting online.
None of this learning took place in any structured way because the kids were at home for a day instead of engaged in practicing better responses. By punishing the kids instead of looking for solutions, a golden opportunity was missed to help these kids grow from this experience. Running Away When It's Time to Leave
When a mom came to pick her daughter Avery up from preschool, Avery decided to hide under the table. Mom wasn't able to coax Avery to come out so she tried reaching under the table to grab Avery's arm. As she reached for Avery, Avery scooted to the other side just out of her mom's reach.
Avery was clearly having a good time playing this little keep-away game and mom was getting more upset by the minute. It was especially embarrassing with the audience of teachers and other parents. Finally one of the teachers helped her get Avery out from under the table.
When mom got home, she told Avery how angry she was with her behavior, spanked her and put her in her room. How could mom have worked towards a solution instead of just punishing Avery?
She might have tried practicing the correct behavior with Avery at home in pretend situations. Perhaps she could change her pick up routine by immediately taking Avery's hand rather than first engaging with other parents in conversation. When you start thinking about solutions to a problem, a lot of possibilities open up. Forgetting to Call When Staying Late After School
A mom explained how worried and angry she was when her son did not come home from school one day and failed to let her know where he was. Although he has a cellphone, he forgot to call and let her know he was staying after school to work on a project.
When he came home, she told him the consequence for his forgetting to call was that he would not be able to watch TV for a week. After suffering this consequence, hopefully he will remember to call next time.
How would this situation be different if instead of issuing a consequence, they looked for a solution? What solutions might work? Perhaps he could set an alarm on his cellphone for 5 minutes after school ends to remind him to call if he wasn't coming straight home. Or he could write his after school plans on a calendar at home. He could also leave a note on the kitchen table in the morning if he planned to stay late.
There are lots of possible solutions to help ensure the problem doesn't occur again. If you were in this boy's shoes, would you prefer having a consequence or coming up with a solution? Finding Solutions to Problems
If we want kids to behave differently in the future, then we need to focus on solutions that teach and encourage that new behavior. When we focus on solutions, we send kids the message that we believe they are capable of better behavior and we are willing to help them achieve it.