Avoiding the child’s concerns:
- Diverting: "It’s not that big a deal. Let’s talk about something more pleasant."
- Logical arguments: "You only weigh 80 pounds. You are not overweight."
- Reassuring: "There’s nothing to worry about. I’m sure you’ll remember your lines in the play."
- Ordering: "You need to study at least two hours every night."
- Threatening: "If you don’t stop complaining, I’m never taking you here again!"
- Moralizing: "Kind children do not act that way."
- Excessive/Inappropriate Questioning: "Why did you do that? What were you thinking?"
- Advising: "You’d have a lot more friends if you were a little more positive."
Bolton suggests that whenever someone is experiencing stress you should especially try to avoid these roadblocks. However when you or your kids are under stress, it is extremely easy to accidentally use these conversation roadblocks.
Unintentionally Using Conversation Roadblocks
Let’s take a look at a couple examples where parents ended up using one of these roadblocks.
Parent: “How was the pool party?”
Child: “It wasn’t very fun. We couldn’t go in the hot tub.”
Parent: “You love the slides at that pool. At least that must have been fun.”
Child: “It was cold and there was nowhere to really warm up.”
Parent: “Nobody is going to want to invite you to a party if all you do is complain.”
Child: “You don’t understand!” (storms off)
This child seems upset by something that happened at the party. Did someone make fun of her swimsuit? Did her good friend ignore her? How might this conversation gone differently if the parent’s response to the child’s first comment was “Wow, you sound disappointed.
Here’s another situation where the parent ends up using a conversation roadblock.
Child: “Chris and Adrian wouldn’t let me play with them at recess.”
Parent: “Did you ask someone else to play?”
Child: “Everyone else was busy. I had nothing to do the whole time.”
Parent: “You need to be brave and join whatever the other kids are doing.”
Child: “You’re not listening! Chris and Adrian were really mean to me.”
In this case the parent jumped to solving the problem which left the child not feeling heard. Instead the parent could have tried validating the child’s feelings by responding “It sounds like you felt sad after that happened.
” The child might reply “No, I was mad so I kicked Chris. He tattled on me so I had to sit down the rest of the time.
” By focusing on the child’s experience and avoiding conversation roadblocks, the child has the opportunity to say what’s on his mind.
Responding in Ways That Help Your Child Feel Heard
Good listening takes time, patience and attention. You can't fully listen while also watching TV or working on the computer. Communication involves not only words but also body language, eye contact and tone of voice. So in order to understand your child's message, you need to both hear the words and watch how they are said.
If you want your children to feel heard, a good approach is to
- Stop what you are doing
- Listen carefully to both your child’s words and body language
- Identify your child’s feelings
- Express your understanding of what your child is going through
Even though you may not agree with your children’s behavior you can always acknowledge their feelings. When you communicate your understanding of your child’s situation, you are showing empathy and your child is likely to feel heard.
Being a good listener takes practice. Try spending five minutes today listening to your child. No interruptions, no advice, no lectures, no roadblocks. Just listen and watch how your child responds to your undivided attention.